Analysis of Shallow Foundations

The purpose of this text is to present the methods, equations, procedures, and techniques used in the formulation and development of the ELPLA function. It is of value to be familiar with this information when using the software

An understanding of these concepts will be of great benefit in applying the software, resolving difficulties and judging the acceptability of the results

Two familiar types of subsoil models are considered, Winkler’s model and Continuum model. In addition, the simple assumption model is also considered. The model assumes linear contact pressure on the base of the foundation

Finite elementsmethod is used to analyze both of the raft and grid foundations (or the ribbed raft). In which plate bending elements represent the raft according to the twodimensional nature of foundation, while grid elements represent the grid
This example is carried out to show the influence of irregular subsoil on the values of settlements, contact pressures and moments.
The analysis of the square raft is carried out by the two familiar types of soil models: Winkler’s and Continuum models for elastic foundations, besides the analysis of rigid raft on Continuum model, using the following three calculation methods:
Method 3 Variable modulus of subgrade reaction method
Method 7 Modulus of compressibility method
Method 8 Rigid raft on compressible subsoil
A square raft of 10 [m] side is subdivided into 144 square elements. The raft thickness is d = 0.4 [m].2.1 Analysis of a square raft on irregular subsoil 
ELPLASquare raft on irregular subsoil 